Validating your SSL certificate is properly installed for SMTP - POP3 - IMAP - HTTP

I recently installed a new SSL certificate on one of my Linux boxes and wanted to verify that my email server was using the new certificate. For HTTP this can be easy as you simply go to the secure URL and check your browsers SSL Icon to see that the certificate is as expected. However for SMTP, POP3 and IMAP I was not aware of a similar way to verify.

After some research I found that you can validate using a feature built into OpenSSL

Secure SMTP

openssl s_client -showcerts -starttls smtp -crlf -connect localhost:587

Secure IMAP

openssl s_client -showcerts  -crlf -connect localhost:993

Secure POP3

openssl s_client -showcerts  -crlf -connect localhost:995

Secure HTTP

openssl s_client -showcerts  -crlf -connect localhost:443

This will return something like the following that you can then use to verify your SSL certificate is installed properly

depth=0 OU = Domain Control Validated, OU = PositiveSSL, CN =
verify error:num=20:unable to get local issuer certificate
verify return:1
depth=0 OU = Domain Control Validated, OU = PositiveSSL, CN =

Certificate chain
 0 s:/OU=Domain Control Validated/OU=PositiveSSL/
   i:/C=GB/ST=Greater Manchester/L=Salford/O=COMODO CA Limited/CN=COMODO RSA Domain Validation Secure Server CA